First arising in England as charitable trusts with the Statute of Uses in 1601, nonprofit organizations currently represent 10 percent of the U.S. economy. The assets employed by these 1.7 million nonprofits represent an invaluable public resource. Nonprofits alleviate the burden on public funds, and provide important services that private businesses avoid: “For every dollar that a [person] contributes to these public charities, . . . the public gets 100 percent.” But how do we ensure that the public gets 100 percent?
An estimated three million girls are expected to suffer Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in 2018. Also known as Female Genital Cutting or Circumcision, FGM is performed for the purposes of curbing sexual behavior and increasing a perception of cleanliness and feminism. It is encouraged and perpetuated through social norms, like receiving increased dowries and bride prices for circumcised women, in many cultures across the globe. In actuality, there are no health benefits to the practice, but instead FGM causes a massive number of health effects. Viewed as a violent violation of human rights by the United Nations (UN) and other entities worldwide, FGM is still a principal practice within at least 30 countries and on three continents.
The United States boasts some of the world’s most stunning vistas, picturesque landscapes, and diverse scenery. From the Green Mountains in Vermont to the mesas of Utah, many of the most pristine examples of America’s beauty are carefully managed and protected by the federal government. However, these lands are under attack.
As technology continues to evolve, the need to prevent unconsented recording of communications is more important than ever before. The way that Americans communicate has changed considerably in the 140 years since the installation of the first telephone lines. In 1968, when Congress enacted the Federal Wiretap Act, 20 percent of American homes did not have a telephone. Today, over 95 percent of Americans own some type of mobile phone, and 49 states have passed some form of wiretapping statute. Vermont is the only state that has not.
The renewable energy revolution is taking shape across the United States, carrying the potential for environmental and economic benefits. Developments in clean energy are encouraging, but the transition is not happening fast enough. One significant barrier is the traditional ratemaking model, where investor-owned utilities are incentivized to build large generation projects and keep them running for as long as possible. This is partly because the cost of these projects is built into electric rates in the form of an operating expense called depreciation. Depreciation is spread over the expected life of the project, which often stretches 30 years or more.
Renee Valerie G. Fajardo
On July 12, 2016, the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) at the Hague issued its Final Decision on the dispute between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of the Philippines. The Final Decision—a complicated answer written in 500 pages—can be distilled into four major points: (1) China has no historic rights over the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea; (2) None of Spratly Islands generates its own exclusive economic zone (EEZ); (3) China violated the Philippines’ rights within the Philippine EEZ by interfering with the Philippines’ activities in the area; and (4) China severely damaged the coral reef environment and violated its obligation to preserve the environment under the UNCLOS.
David Balderramas is a blue-collar steel worker in Texas by day and a handyman by night. Like many Americans, he works two jobs to provide for his family. David and his wife came to the United States in 1956 for a better life and to start a family. They became legal permanent residents and regular taxpayers. Unfortunately, David used to be an alcoholic and was convicted for driving while intoxicated. After serving time for his crime, in 1998, Immigration and Naturalization Services arrested David at his home and soon after began the deportation process. If the United States deports David, he will leave his two children, both U.S. citizens, and his diabetic wife to fend for themselves.
Erin C. Bennett
“Asteroids are lumps of metals, rock and dust, sometimes laced with ice and tar, which are the cosmic leftovers from the Solar System’s formation about 4.5 billion years ago.” Most of the asteroids in the Solar System are located between Mars and Jupiter in a grouping known as the Main Asteroid Belt. However, numerous asteroids—ranging in size and shape—exist near Earth’s atmosphere. In fact, smaller asteroids tend to be “house-sized,” and those fragments, while considered small, are predicted to contain metals worth millions of dollars. Needless to say, the larger the asteroid, the larger the accumulation of precious metals. Due to commercial mining, such metals exist in scarce quantities on Earth. Therefore, the era of near-Earth asteroid mining is upon us.
Julia Muench Rumburg
As citizens of the United States of America, our Constitution guarantees us certain rights. The Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments provide that no government, Federal or State, shall deprive any person of life without due process of law. The requirements of life are straightforward: humans require water, air, food, sleep, and shelter. If we are denied access to these requirements for a period of time, we die; if we are denied access to reliable, clean sources of these requirements for an extended period of time, we become sick and ultimately die.
In 2015, approximately 1.3 million refugees crossed into Europe in hopes of seeking asylum. They arrived by sea and also crossed devastated lands. The majority of the refugees in 2015 hailed from Syria, Afghanistan, and Iraq—war-torn countries whose violence has spurred an exodus to the proverbial Promised Land. But is Europe indeed a continent that will equitably cater to each of these refugees? It has certainly tried. But it has certainly failed, as well.